Wooden homes from log house to the frame

Wooden house – the dream of many. A neat facade, natural design, the smell of nature in the house… And for some the ultimate dream – a wooden house in the woods. Now the dream has become reality. Those wishing to offer all kinds of wooden houses and variations. How to choose a house for yourself? To help you, we have prepared a small guide. Modern wooden house divided into log wooden houses (out of the ordinary and logs), cobbled wooden houses (of profiled and laminated veneer lumber), and the frame-panel prefabricated panel houses, and houses and cobbled log units. The latter, however, are just beginning to be applied in Russia. Let us briefly consider all the other species – in ascending order of price. FRAME, panels, panel-frame WOODEN HOUSES The most economical version of the wooden house used in the Middle Ages. The so-called half-timbered houses that have come up with practical Germans had cage filled with insulation – a mixture of clay and straw. On these same principles are based and the current frame construction. We have a frame house on a habit called “Finnish”, although Finland is just such a design is not very characteristic of (there are building more than log). It would be better to call them “Canadian” – modern trends originate from there. There are several variations of such buildings: the actual frame and panel, frame and panel (frame-panel), contemporary half-timbered. The difference lies in the choice of insulation technology and features. The general idea – a wooden frame, recessed into the foundation and fastened with wooden frame rigidity. The design is laid insulation – fireproof mineral wool – and outside of its sheathe lining, Lining, or siding. Also satisfied with hydro-and vapor barrier. Most of the operations performed on the production, and on the construction site is only ready to assemble the frame. Pros shield frame wooden houses: Cost-effectiveness due to the cost of materials and a small basement. The high rate of construction (the time required may be a week or less). Good thermal insulation. Unification of building materials, making it easier to redevelop. The possibility of winter construction. Cons shield frame wooden houses: less environmentally friendly than other types (because of the synthetic insulation). Difficult ventilation and moisture exchange – as a consequence, microclimate gives timbered houses and cobbled. Wooden Houses made of logs These wooden houses are a little more expensive frame – no more than a quarter. Round logs – a modern version of the log houses. In contrast to the houses hand-cutting (see below) allows you to log cylindering the same shape and diameter. The system turns the trunk of a tree cutter in a perfect cylinder. The surface of the cylinder – flat, round, well-treated. Then attach the logs required assembly properties – end, made a cup grooves and girth. Sometimes, external, street side of the logs left convex and the inner Houses – make flat. After machining is antiseptic and fire (flame retardants). Cylindering logs can be done directly on the site – this will save a little, but not always. And you can keep things simple and to transfer all the technological processes of production, from finished products to bring the already mounting. Machines for cylindering logs appeared more than 100 years ago – initially they were used only for making pillars for lanterns. Now the house made of logs used by a certain popularity, but there are also significant drawbacks. If you cut off part of the sapwood cylindering – the most durable layer of wood. Yes, and the diameter of the logs obtained small – 150-320 mm, whereas in manual felling may reach 500-700 mm. Thus, the advantages of wooden houses made of logs: A relatively small price. The same shape and quality of processing logs. Ease of installation. Small gaps between the crowns of logs, snug fit. High aesthetic quality (do not require a mandatory decoration). Microclimate, insulation and other positive qualities of lumber. The disadvantages of wooden houses: Violation of the integrity of the sapwood. You can not get a large diameter logs, which affects the heat-insulating qualities. The possibility of uneven shrinkage with the appearance of cracks. WOODEN HOUSES OF THE WHOLE AND shaped timber called Bruce logs, trimmed and edged with two (polubrus) or four sides. In Russia, they became popular in the late 19th century and is still used quite massively. The main application – cottages and summer houses. Now commonly used shaped beam – beam with a given profile. There are Finnish profile girth grooves (cups), and German – with spikes. And the slots and pins are made on the entire length of the beam, its polished surface, a bar attached to a standard form. Shaped beam are made on automated lines, the technology is perfected. It remains to build the house of the finished product, as in the child’s constructor – the ease of operation even surpasses the board logs. Cobbled sheathe house siding, block-house, or lining. Thus, the advantages of the wooden houses of timber: low price. Deduced from the premises of excess moisture. Resistant to deformation. Easy to install. Disadvantages square log wooden houses: High air flow through the walls (in comparison with the log). As a consequence – the need for additional insulation and sheathing. Long shrinkage (up to three years), which delays the finish. Wooden Houses made of beams is a good solution for your cottage home. LOG HOUSE WOODEN HAND ASSEMBLY This type of wooden houses – the most that on is primordial for Russia, and Scandinavia. Traditionally, such a building was erected where the timber could not save – in the wooded northern countries. Building a log home occupied by a rather long time. First, choose the trees, the bark removed down to reduce the humidity. After some time, cut down and very carefully and gently freed from the remnants of the cortex. Trees were placed butt (lower part) to the top – to compensate for the difference in thickness (runout). The gap caulked. Covered with a temporary roof, allowed to dry out and shrink. The following year, again filled the gap and established a permanent roof. Nowadays, the process of building such houses has accelerated with the introduction of new technologies (shrink brackets) and the use of modern instruments. But the quality of work as a whole, unfortunately, deteriorated. This stems from the lack of qualifications – competent professionals should look for. After all, requires a very thorough cleaning of the crust (otherwise the log will rot) and complex stacking butt and tops. Depending on the nature of the corner joints is cutting with the residual (”the cup”, or “oblo”) and without a trace (”in the paw”). When cutting, “the cup” inferior ends of logs at the corners that are protected by “the cup” (notch) in the upper beam. “Bowl” may follow the contour of the lower timber (Russian house) or a more complex form (Norwegian or Canadian cabin). When cutting “in the paw” the edge of timber does not appear. For many, the term “wooden house” is synonymous with hand-cutting houses – traditional Russian huts with a modern twist. The benefits of log homes Hand felling: High aesthetic and decorative. A wonderful climate in the home, maintaining the optimum moisture content. High ecological. It does not require interior and exterior to a minimum. Disadvantages of log homes Hand felling: High price, especially the cost of the work. It is hard to find specialists with high qualifications. Wooden glued beam houses, glued beam (correctly read “glued”) – the most expensive to date version of the material for the wooden house. The logs are sawn into thin boards – slats. They were then sent to the dryers – drying takes all excess moisture, and strength of boards increases. After that, remove all the defects of wood – knots, worm holes, rot. The next step – gluing slats under the pressure. To further enhance durability, alternate board with longitudinal and transverse direction of the fibers. The output is a new material that has properties somewhat different than the “normal” wood: resistance to external influences, dimensional stabi
lity, not to mention strength. As beams of solid wood, glued rollforming, slicing girth grooves. Its also easy to install as a regular timber. Advantages of wooden houses from glued beams: High strength. No cracks. All defects are eliminated at the factory. Relatively quick to assemble (5-6 weeks). Exterior finish is optional, high aesthetic quality. Disadvantages of wooden houses from glued beams: High cost of wooden houses from glued beams.

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